Varicose Veins are enlarged, twisted and bulgy veins that protrude on the surface of the skin or are seen underneath the skin, they are also called as varicosities. Spider/reticular veins are milder form of the varicose and are seen as blue and red tattoo like lines on the skin.
Varicose veins are typically found in the leg region. In the initial stages they cause just cosmetic problems but as the disease progress a myriad of problems can occur.
Heaviness and fatigue in the legs which increases as the day progresses.
Swollen legs with swelling increasing on prolonged standing and sitting.
Regular muscle cramps. Complains of regular itching in the leg with burning sensations.
Non healing ulcers (wound) typically on the inner side of the ankle region.
Who are at risk/conditions leading to varicose veins?
Females invariably have more risk in comparison with there male counterparts. Sitting or standing for long hours such as job of traffic police people, teachers, sales representative …etc. Obesity- obesity invariably increases the pressure on the legs which in turn leads to venous hypertension and which in turn leads to faulty valves and varicose veins. Family history: people who have a family history of varicose veins are more at risk in comparison with general population. DVT: history of previous attack of deep venous thrombosis can lead to varicose veins.
Truncal varicose veins: these are generally seen as long, dilated tortuous channels and can look unpleasant. Generally seen on the inner side of the thigh.
Superficial varicosities/ branch type varicose vein: enlarged blob of vessels mainly seen below knee can be solitary but are mostly accompanied with truncal varicosities.
Genital area varicose vein: they occur because of back flow in the pelvic veins and are seen and bulged channels around the genital area.
Reticular and spider veins: these are small 2-3 mm bluish tinged lines that spreads like web. These are not bumby like truncal varicosities.
You probably already know that varicose veins are those twisted and enlarged veins that can appear on the lower legs. You might have already noticed that varicose veins are extremely common too – more than one-third of people in the United States have them, according to the Society for Vascular Surgery. If you are like many people, though, you may think that these unsightly veins are just a cosmetic problem or that you cannot do about them.
The truth is, varicose veins can progress into a more serious problem if left untreated. While there is no cure for varicose veins, there are treatments that reduce their appearance and decrease the risk of complications from these unattractive, dysfunctional veins. Here is what you need to know about varicose veins and their causes, symptoms, risk factors, prevention strategies and treatments.
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